Oil painting by Nigel Overton

Nigel Overton demonstrated oil painting for Pateley Bridge Art Club.
He explained that cheaper paints usually had far less pigment in them. He recommended that members use the artist quality paints.

He uses low odour thinners and fast drying oil. He often prepares his own painting board using MDF. It needs smoothing with sandpaper, cleaning with methylated spirit, sanding and priming. White or coloured gesso makes a good grounding for oil painting.

He mentioned that care should be taken with oil paints to avoid painting thin layers on top of thick layers, as cracking may result.

This was Nigel’s oil paint pallet

Nigel suggested that painting landscapes outdoors can produce more accurate scenes as you can paint what you see, avoiding distortions that cameras often introduce into images.
He also suggested that the painter should try to stay true to the scene colours and to the aerial perspective.

Nigel started by sketching his underdrawing by brush.

He explained how he painted outdoors very quickly, painting with his brush like a drawing, capturing the moment before the weather or tide changes.

Nigel mentioned that, using fast drying oils, the paint may be dry by morning. To add detail at this stage care in needed. For this he used a small brush.

Unfinished oil painting at the end of the demonstration.

Sample paintings displayed by Nigel Overton

Nigel Overton gallery and courses etc. > http://overtonfinearts.co.uk/

Bob Goldsborough – Colour in Composition

Bob Goldsborough travelled from Birkenhead to talk about using colour in paintings. He illustrated how a colour can appear to be darker in front of a light background. It can also appear to change its hue (colour), shifting away from similar nearby colours.

He explained how the traditional primary colours of Red, Blue & Yellow can mislead artists when mixing colours. The ones he used to construct his colour wheel are based on the primary colours used by printers and graphic designers: Magenta, Cyan & Lemon Yellow.

He briefly showed how colour wheels are based on positioning three primary colour around the wheel. Opposite each primary colour its complementary colour. If the primary colour is mixed with increasing amounts of its complementary colour, the mix will gradually lose its intensity, dulling towards grey or black without changing its hue (colour). The mixed colour gets darker and can be lightened with white.

He proceeded to paint a landscape on a light purple background, mixing colours using complementary colours (opposite colours on the wheel), plus white where needed. He painted quickly in blocks of contrasting colours with other interlaced colours.

He also illustrated aerial perspective with a tones reducing at further distances from the observer. He did not proceed to the next step of creating more detail in the foreground which would emphasise the perspective.

Bob brought along images of his paintings, showing his use of colour.

John Harrison – Line & Wash

John came to demonstrate his approach to line and wash and to show us his demonstration pieces and sketchbooks. He worked from a photograph of cottages, used a unipen with watercolours, painting flat on watercolour paper. He had his own camera projection onto the wall.

John Harrison
Pen drawing
Watercolour washes
Finished minimal painting

John Harrison showed us his watercolour demonstration pieces.

Previous demonstration
Gunnerside demonstration

John allowed the members to look through his sketchbooks. He has published books of his sketchbook images.

Sketchbook Clappergate
Sketchbook Whitby

John showed members two of his watercolour swatches.

Daniel Smith colours
Paynes Grey and tints

Life drawing with Richard Squire

Richard Squire made a welcome return visit to remind us how to draw from a life model.

Observation
He explained that although there are guidelines to proportion, careful observation of the subject is vital, as each person is different and the angle of view changes the relationship of features and perspective changes relative sizes.

Construction
A sound construction is vita

l to a drawing or painting. He illustrated with diagrams and sketches how to establish the overall outline of a face or full figure. This enables the artist to contain the drawing on the page and be able to divide the space into sensible proportions.

He showed how to mark the key angles, such as the eyeline, nose, mouth and chin and the middle vertical of face. Then to place facial features, allowing for how much offset these are with a tilted face.

The placement of facial features should be carefully checked at this stage against the original to avoid the difficulty, or impossibility, of later changes. Artists should draw more lightly than he was doing so that changes can be easily made at this stage.

The same method applies to the body, establishing the arm and leg angles with a straight centre line and body angles. The proportions are particularly important where the body is angled towards the artist.

He showed an example of a finished sketch ready for painting.

Richard showed us one of his life drawings and two of his portraits.

Members worked on their sketches with guidance from Richard.

Ian Scott Massie

Ian Scott Massie is a watercolour painter and printer based in Masham, North Yorkshire. His works can be seen, and bought, in Masham Gallery in the market square. His works, and details of painting courses and books, can also be viewed on his website at > www.ianscottmassie.com

Mr Massie made a return visit to talk about and demonstrate watercolour painting.

He recommended that members use the best paper. He uses Bockingford and Saunders Waterford. He often uses cotton paper 140lb, either hot pressed or cold pressed.

He suggested that synthetic brushes are adequate and much cheaper than sable brushes.

He showed us his sample strips of watercolour combinations that help him plan colour mixes.

Before commencing Ian softens the paints on his dishes with a little water. He uses, amongst others, indigo, burnt sienna, permanent rose, yellow ochre, quinacridone gold, neutral tint.

Ian paints flat onto taped watercolour paper on board, tilting his board when needed.

Ian used strong pigments and plenty of water to diffuse the colour.

He allows the initial washes to dry before painting the skyline with dark colours with a fine brush.

Ian washed the base of the skyline with water to make a soft edge and added some colour into the sea.

Completed watercolour study

Ian showed us some more colour mixes that he uses for colourful landscapes.

He demonstrated a dales landscape with sky and hills in blue colours and foreground in warmer colour mixes

Samples of Ian’s work

 

 

Demonstration by Helen Cassidy

Local artist Helen Cassidy made a return visit to demonstrate how she paints acrylic landscapes.

Helen’s used a range of acrylic colours. Titanium white, buff, warm grey, prussian blue, indigo, purple, olive green, yellow ochre, burnt sienna.

Helen had already prepared a board with burnt sienna as a background, with crumpled tissue to create random texture. She roughly painted the mountains with a purple/prussian blue mixture.  Using a small brush she added dark rock edges and started to paint the dark banks of the river.

Helen then used a rag to apply browns either side of the river.

She then applied buff colour by rag into the sky. The darker colour showed through a little.

Helen then rubbed the buff on rag over the textured dark hills to produce rocky highlights,  then worked in shadow in indigo/purple with a small brush.

After painting the river loosely in a purple/prussian blue mix, she added various colours to the valley, olive green, yellow ochre and burnt sienna, with a medium brush in a scumble effect. She used darker shades for the lower valley sides.

She added growing vegetation with vertical strokes in yellow ochre and added trees in an indigo/purple mix.

Again using a rag with buff, Helen rolled a mist over the top of the mountains

After adding foliage to the trees, Helen painted in an eye catching white house, completing the demonstration painting.

 

Demonstration by Jeremy Taylor

Jeremy Taylor is a Yorkshire teacher, artist and demonstrator who mainly paints in oils and watercolour. He came to Pateley Bridge Art Club to demonstrate watercolour landscapes.

Jeremy explained that he had been painting for many years and was self taught. He described how he spends a lot of time thinking about a painting and planning how to do it before commencing.  This enables him to paint quickly, avoiding changes that can ruin a watercolour and achieve a fresh look to the painting.

Jeremy used 140lb (300gsm) branded watercolour paper, as he believes that paper quality is important to achieving good results. He does not stretch his paper as it frees his approach to painting and encourages him to start again on the other side if it goes wrong. He thinks that this happens quite a lot in watercolour painting compared with oil painting which can be corrected more easily.

He usually limits his colours to warm and cool hues of the primary colours. His brushes are usually acrylic, 1.5 inch flat brushes for backgrounds and small round brushes for detail.

   

For his first demonstration he wet his paper thoroughly with several applications of water, then applied sweeping strokes of blue across the sky with his wide brush. He painted yellow ochre patches and strokes across the foreground, adding darker blue to create lines of hills.

He added trees in various shades of mixed green in the mid ground and background and did some scratching out for tree branches using paint tube caps. As a focal point, Jeremy painted a cottage with a warm colour and etched in a path. The photograph under dim indoor lighting does not do justice to the finished result.

After the break, Jeremy painting a snow scene in limited colours. He wet the paper a little less than the previous painting. He left areas of white paper to show the lighter snow. He washed in blue in various shades.

Jeremy added trees lines and walls, then tree branches with minimal strokes and some fine pencil for the thinner branches. The tree crowns are suggested by a light misting of browns and grey colour, avoiding greens. He added a path then a shepherd and sheep create areas of interest that would balance the composition.

The demonstration showed how results can be achieved with a freer approach to painting. His many suggestions and his dry Yorkshire humour were much appreciated.

Examples of his work
Jeremy brought examples of his paintings in a wide range of subjects. The following are just a sample. The images again suffer from poor lighting and reflections.

All images are copyright of Jeremy Taylor.

Nel Whatmore Demonstration

Nel Whatmore is a North Yorkshire painter and designer. She came to Pateley Bridge Art Club to talk about her background and showed some of her flower paintings, landscape paintings and her designs for manufactured products.

Nel talked about her interest in art from an early age, showing us competent paintings at age 6 and 11.

She remained keen on art and chose an option at A level and then went to Art college.
One project was a portrait of a gorilla in oil pastel. He would not stay around or pose until he was at ease with her presence.

 

She explained that a traditional art college did not prepare students for the business aspects of a working artist. For that she sought help from the Princes Trust to start her art career. She thanked Prince Charles personally when he visited her art display at the  Chelsea Flower Show.

Design work

Her art school training did not prepare her for the technical needs of manufacturers who wanted to use her paintings on products. She needed to learn rapidly how to configure images into continuous form for print runs onto fabric and other products. To these are added demands for the same design in other coordinated colours, all within limitations of 18 available colours per design.
This is illustrated in this adapted painting, showing the colours used.

 

She eventually followed advice from her daughter to use digital means, instead of physical cut and paste, to adapt her designs  to meet production needs.

She created this stylish quilt cover by mimicking kaleidoscope techniques.

 

 

Pastel paintings

Nel’s main interest is painting landscapes and flowers in chalk pastel. She has exhibited her large flower paintings regularly at Chelsea Flower Show.
This year she has become artist in residence at Harlow Carr Gardens and also paints at Burton Agnes Hall.

Nel mainly uses Unison pastels; using Sennellier pastels when vibrant colours are needed.

As well as painting on pastel boards, she has to prepare her own boards for her large paintings. She prepares these mainly with Art Spectrum Colourfix primers, which have an acrylic base with fine grit to provide a fine tooth to hold the pastel.

Coloured primers can be used to reduce the the amount of pastel needed. These background colours can be varied across the painting, either using the coloured primers or acrylic paints covered by a clear primer. The primers can also be watered down if the pastels are not to be thickly applied. They can also be applied thickly with directional brushstrokes to enhance the effect of the pastels.

Nel paints landscapes which can often be seen in the Chantry Gallery in Ripley.

Nel also uses Pan Pastels applied with a soft flexible applicator. She demonstrated how swirling highlights can be added to clouds.

 

 

Nel also showed how she painted landscape studies in changing light in a series of three

Nel Whatmore Website

There is more detail and better quality images on her website >  www.nelwhatmore.com

 

Jake Attree – Oil painting demonstration

Jake Attree is a figurative painter, sketching and painting from observation. He lives in Airedale and has a studio in Dean Clough, Halifax.  Recently, he was a selector for the Mercer Gallery open exhibition and attended and sketched at the reopening of the Piece Hall, Halifax.

For more information on the artist, see website >  www.jakeattree.co.uk/

Jake came to Pateley Bridge Art Club to demonstrate a landscape oil painting. As well as commenting on his painting methods, he also commented on the influence of past and present artists and their advice on art.

Jake brought a piece of plywood primed in white. He used a limited pallet of chrome yellow, red, ultramarine blue and white. They were oil paints, based on linseed oil, made by a Yorkshire company. He mixed the paints with turpentine (not substitute), but white spirit could be used. He painted standing, using a small brush throughout, holding it at the end as an extension of his arm. He tended to paint in a series of parallel side strokes to cover each section, moving around the work and changing his colour mix frequently to vary the landscape.

After initial layers to cover the land area, Jake applied blue, grey and white to the sky.

Jake darkened the distant hills and the nearer slopes.

Jake applied a white mix to the path and lightened other areas.

Jake applied various mixed greens and further dark and light mixes to bring out the topography.

The picture at the end of the demonstration.

Jake kindly let us have a peek at his sketchbooks

Images are copyright of Jake Attree.

 

Paul Curtis acrylic demonstration

Paul Curtis is a member of the New English Art Club, paints in acrylic and is based in Sheffield and London. More details are available at his website > paulcurtisart.com

He came to give a demonstration of painting a still life of flowers and window. Gordon set up the sound system and camera with a large image projected onto the wall.

Paul used a variety of artists paints: white acrylic primer, basic System 3 colours and intense specialist colours.

Paul painted the background in bold strokes. He made many alterations by added colour or layers to achieve the subdued tones that a feature of his paintings. Paul added further layers to lighten the painting as the evening sunlight improved.

Paul added the flowers. The dark purple buddleia contrasted with the subdued background.

He painted the table cover to provide a light background to show the flowers and stems.

The painting at the end of the demonstration was well on the way to be a finished painting, complete with a familiar blue chair but avoided the radio mast on the hill.

Examples of Paul Curtis paintings from his website.

Images are copyright of the artist. Paul Curtis.